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Front-End vs Back-End vs Full-Stack Developers: Whom To Hire?

With nearly two billion websites on the Internet as of June 2022, the demand for web developers is on the rise. Most employers understand that there are three types of web development: front-end, back-end, and full-stack. Before filling these positions, however, it's critical to understand the key differences between each field and what is driving the current demand for web developers. 

It may appear simple: you hire a full-stack developer to handle all development tasks or a specialized professional if you have a one-of-a-kind request. In practice, however, this is not so simple. Choosing the right developer is usually determined by the strategic goals of the project. This post outlines the key differences between each type of development, which can assist you in determining who you need to hire for each project. 

What qualifications and skills should you look for when hiring for these positions?

A front-end developer must be well-versed in the scripting languages that power a website, controlling the layout and formatting how the elements appear to a user. Here are some examples: 

  • HTML 
  • JavaScript 
  • CSS 
  • TypeScript (Angular/React) 

A front-end developer must understand content management systems, APIs, and frameworks in addition to programming skills:

  • Foundation 
  • Bootstrap 
  • Backbone 
  • AngularJS 
  • EmberJS 

Furthermore, a little creativity helps a front-end developer achieve the right balance of functional, responsive, and aesthetic design. A back-end developer must be proficient in server-side languages, which are used to create applications that allow a server, application, and database to communicate with one another. Here are some examples: 

  • Java 
  • .Net 
  • Node.JS 
  • PHP 
  • Ruby 
  • Python 

Back-end developers must also be familiar with a variety of data tools in order to retrieve data from the database for use in the front-HTML end's files, such as: 

  • MySQL 
  • SQL Server 
  • Oracle 

Because of their diverse skill set, full-stack developers frequently manage all stages of a website project, including planning, database management, building user interfaces, and overall user experience. 

When should you hire a team of front-end and back-end developers, and when should you hire a full-stack developer? 

With the growing demand for web development, a 'jack-of-all-trades' full-stack developers may appear to be the logical choice for most businesses. However, this is not always the case.While a full-stack developer can typically manage projects in less time, working seamlessly across the entire job, they are less likely to master each aspect of web development as thoroughly as a specialist front-end or back-end developer.Investing more in a team of both back-end and front-end developers, on the other hand, can result in a higher project quality because the developers are more able to be at the cutting edge of their respective fields. Ultimately, deciding between a front-end and fack-end or a full-stack comes down to project requirements.

  • Project budget: For businesses with limited resources, a full-stack developer is a welcome and cost-effective option. However, if resources allow, hiring both a front-end and back-end developer will result in higher quality project outcomes.

  • Project complexity: Larger or more sophisticated projects will necessitate a team of front-end and back-end developers with in-depth knowledge of the individual elements and tasks.

  • Project size: Because smaller projects do not necessitate the same number of developers as larger projects, a full-stack developer is the most cost-effective option.

  • Project flexibility: For projects that are likely to evolve or require regular adaptations, the universal skills of a full-stack developer provide greater flexibility and may be more cost-effective in the long run.

  • Project timeframe: If time is limited and the project is not too complex, a full-stack developer is a good option. Because they are not reliant on other team members, they can often complete a project faster than a pair of front-end and back-end. 

Let’s examine the critical differences between developers by looking at tasks' main parameters. 

  • High Performance: In this case, you need to hire a fulls-tack developer, as they will allow you to scale the project effectively without any additional help from designers or other specialists. But if your project is not so complicated, front-end and back-end developers can be enough.

  • User Friendly: If the main goal of your project is to create a website that will be easy to use, then hire a front-end developer. It's the best fit for simple sites. Also, they will be the best for adding additional features to the existing website.

  • Scalability: In this case, you need someone who understands multiple languages and frameworks. It's not easy to work with different app layers and add or remove modules simultaneously. Better to work with full-stack developers for such types of tasks. 

In simple words, the difference between specialists is related to their skills, and you need to choose one whose skills will be enough for your project. 

Final Words

To summarize, each project is unique and necessitates a different type of developer. To find the best developer for your project, decide on project priorities such as scalability, high performance, or whether "easy-to-use features" are important to you. In this post we outlined the fundamental principles that will assist you in selecting the best specialist for your projects. Do you require assistance in assigning these roles? Our experts are standing by to assist you. Please contact us right away!

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